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    先生之風

    山高水長

    Jin Songcen's nobility lasts forever


      清末江蘇實業家張謇語:天之生人也,與草木無異,若遺留一二有用事業,與草木同生,即不與草木同腐朽。金松岑(1873~1947年)比張謇晚生20年,以彼時中國時局之復雜多變,二人像當時所有仁人志士一樣,為了挽救中國于水深火熱之中,窮盡畢生之精力,為所在地區或者整個中國,留下了不可磨滅的印記。

    2017年,存志嘉德雙語學校來到蘇州市吳江區同里鎮富觀街83號辦學,腳踩在金松岑曾開辦過的同里鎮第一所學校--同川自治學社,寫過清代名作《孽海花》的土地上,我們在沉思,作為一家中美合作的國際學校,對回味金松岑的時代精神,繼承與發揚金松岑的思想遺產,我們究竟能夠發揮什么作用?

    Zhang Jian, an industrialist of Jiangsu in the late Qing Dynasty, had a saying:“As to the world, there’s no difference between a man and a plant. If a man could leave several useful businesses to the world, then he would be born with the plant but not rot with the plant.” Jin Songcen (1873-1947) was born 20 years later than Zhang Jian. At that moment, China was suffering greatly from the complex political situation. In order to save China from the great distress, these two men, like all the other people with lofty ideas, devoted themselves to leaving beneficial legacy for their region or even all of China.

    In 2017, Cunzhi Jiade Bilingual School arrivies at No.83, Fuguan Street, Tongli Town, Wujiang District, Suzhou City. SSM will occupy the grounds of the former Tongchuan Autonomous School which was the first school in Tongli. The school, founded by Jin Songcen, is where the famous historical novel Nie Hai Hua was written. Now, as an international school born of a China-US partnership, we revel in the thought that when we recall the time and spirit of Jin Songcen, we will inherit and carry forward the ideological legacy of his era and wonder, “What role are we going to play?”


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    校園追溯

    The History of the School

      自南宋起,伴隨著中央政權逐漸南遷,明清之時,蘇州已成為中國的文化和經濟重心。當時的同里,文化昌明,人文蔚起,科舉興盛,是蘇州府東南的文化中心,自宋元以來儒士大夫彬彬輩出,雖蕞爾地,無異通邑大都焉。

    清乾隆十二年(1747年),知縣奉蘇州知府傅椿諭創建同川書院,基址即設在現在的天放樓區域。書院共有3畝,座西向東,建有講堂、學舍20間。后同川書院成為江蘇省著名書院之一。書院創建后,英才薈萃,名俊之士層出不窮。

    Since the age of the Southern Song Dynasty, the central power had been moving towards the South. During the Ming and Qing Dynasties, Suzhou became the cultural and economic center of China. In the meantime, Tongli, as a cultural center in the southeast of Suzhou, was also flourishing in culture, humanity and education. Since the Song and Yuan Dynasties, Tongli had given birth to famous scholars. Although Tongli is just a small town, it shared the same reputation as other big cities.

    In 1747, the magistrate of Tongli county was ordered by Fu Chunyu, the governor of Suzhou prefecture, to build Tongchuan Academy, which was located at the present day region of Tian Fang Tower. Facing east, the academy possessed 3 acres of land, 20 lecture rooms and several school buildings. Later, Tongchuan Academy became one of the most famous academies in Jiangsu Province, producing many talented and renowned alumni.


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      1901年,光緒皇帝下詔令將全國書院改為大、中、小三級學堂, 1902年,同里名士金松岑改書院為同川學堂,后又改為同文中學(1942年)、仁美中學(1947年),解放后(1956年)定名為同里中學,2014年,同里中學搬遷至同里湖路189號,2017年,存志嘉德蘇州學校在此開辦。

    In 1901, Emperor Guangxu issued an imperial edict that all academies be transformed into primary schools, middle schools and high schools. In 1902, Jin Songcen, a local celebrity of Tongli, changed the school’s name from Tongchuan Academy to Tongchuan School. The school went through a number of name changes over the years: Tongwen Middle School(1942), Renmei Middle School(1947), and finally Tongli Middle School(1956). In 2014, Tongli Middle School moved to No. 189 Tongli Lake Road. In 2017, Cunzhi Jiade Suzhou will be established in the historical campus of Tongchuan Academy.


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    校址之前世今生

    School site, Past and Present

      1902年4月25日,金松岑在同川書院的基礎上創辦同川學堂。同川學堂為吳江新式學校之始。

    同川學堂分初、高兩部分。高級部是“同川自治學社”,附設理化傳習所,由金松岑主持校政,并建立中國教育會同里支部,從屬于上海中國教育會。

    同川學堂自創辦以來,在江南頗負時譽,“圖書儀器,花木園林,美無不備”,“他邑人士來觀光者,謂普通中學均遠不逮焉”。(據《文匯報》載文)該校建校十周年紀念碑由蔡元培撰文、章太炎篆額。

    曾是同川自治學社社員的柳亞子在他著的《五十七年》一文中曾這樣評價:“此時的同里,正是東南人才薈萃之區,風虎云龍,一時會合”。

    同川自治學社的創辦,金松岑被冠之“家鄉新式學校的鼻祖,開了家鄉辦學新模式的先河”。同川自治學社成立后,震撼了吳江縣,其影響迅速擴大,不久各地紛紛效仿,“學校”應運而生,至辛亥革命前夕,全縣已擁有新式學校55所。

    金松岑辦學的成功,使同里走出了一批在中國乃至世界舞臺鼓與呼的愛國者,這里真正成了藏龍臥虎之地。為后來中國的大變局,以及全新面貌的中國之成立做出了貢獻。

    On April 25, 1902, Mr. Jin Songcen established Tongchuan School on the site of Tongchuan Academy, which was the beginning of modern schools in Wujiang.

    Tongchuan School consisted of a Junior School and a Senior School. The Senior School was called the “Tongchuan Autonomous Society” and included a Science Institute. Mr. Jin Songchen was in charge of the school’s administrative work and founded the Tongli Branch of The Educational Association of China, subordinated to the Shanghai branch of Educational Association of China.

    Since the start of the Tongchuan School, it enjoyed great popularity. “Books, equipment, flowers and gardens, as beautiful as the school is, it has everything a student would need.” “Visitors from other places said that common schools were nowhere near Tongchuan School.” (Wen Wei Po) On the 10th anniversary of the school, Mr. Cai Yuanpei wrote an article for it, inscribed by Mr. Zhang Taiyan.

    Mr. Liu Yazi, a member of the Tongchuan Autonomous Society, wrote in his famous book 57 Years, “At that time in Tongli, there were galaxies of talents from the Southeast.”

    Because of the establishment of the Tongchuan Autonomous Society, Mr. Jin Songcen was renowned as the originator of modern schools in his hometown, and for pioneering new school paradigms and techniques there. After the Tongchuan Autonomous Society was founded, Wujiang county was astounded. School’s influence spread rapidly; other cities followed suit and modern schools emerged. Before the 1911 revolution, 55 modern schools had been established in the county.

    Mr. Jin Songcen’s success in education helped generate groups of patriots active on the stage at home and abroad, which not only made Tongli a land of hidden dragons and sleeping tigers, but also contributed to the great changes in China and the establishment of a brand new China.


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    金松岑生平

    Biography of Jin Songcen

    原名懋基,又名天翮、天羽,號壯游、鶴望,筆名金一、愛自由者,自署天放樓主人,江蘇省吳江市同里鎮人,清末民初國學大師。

    Jin Songcen was once named Mao Ji, also Tian He or Tian Yu; and his art-name was Zhuang You or He Wang; Jin Yi, meaning freedom-lover, was his pen name, and he called himself “the owner of Tian Fang Lou”. He was from Tongli Town, Wujiang City, Jiangsu Province and a master of Chinese culture in the late Qing Dynasty and early Republic of China.

    1873年 農歷五月二十一出生。

    Born in 1873, on the twenty-first day of the fifth lunar month.

    1878年 5歲 入金家浜詩社,在家頌史經。

    1878, at the age of 5, Jin Songcen joined the Jin Jia Bang Poetry Society and recited the Book of Songs at home.

    1885年 12歲 師從顧言,共8年。

    1885, at the age of 12, Jin Songcen learned from Gu Yan for eight years.

    1893年 20歲 師從錢煥,共6年。

    1893, at the age of 20, Jin Songcen learned from Qian Huan for six years.

    1895年 22歲 甲午中日戰爭,中國戰敗,悲憤不已。

    1895, at the age of 22, Jin Songcen was full of grief and indignation at China’s defeat in Sino-Japanese War.

    1896年 23歲 譯日文《摩哈麥德傳》畢。

    1896, at the age of 23, Jin Songcen finished translating Moha Ahmed Biography.

    1898年 25歲 《清三大儒學粹》成書,后遺失。與陳去病、蔡寅創設雪恥會,會員有柳念曾(柳亞子之父)、柳慕曾、昆仲等40余人。

    1898, at the age of 25, Jin Songcen completed the book Essence of the Three Confucian Classics in Qing Dynasty, which was lost afterwards. He set up The Revenge Society with Chen Qubing and Cai Yin, with more than forty members including Liu Nianzeng (father of Liu Yazi), Liu Muzeng and Kun Zhong etc.

    1900年 27歲 在家開私塾;任同里區教育會會長;在同川書院舊址,立講舍,創設理化、音樂傳習所,為附近一帶培養師資力量。

    1900, at the age of 27, Jin Songcen opened a private school at home, and he was the chairman of the Education Association of Tongli. On the historical site of Tong Chuan Academy, he established the classrooms, created the institutes of physics and music; and also trained teachers in the neighborhood.

    1903年 30歲 創辦同川自治學社,校舍在同川書院舊址(今存志嘉德蘇州學校校園內),吳江自此開始有學校;加入中國教育學會。

    1903, Jin Songcen founded the Tong Chuan Autonomous School, located on the site of Tong Chuan Academy (currently Cunzhi Jiade School-Suzhou campus). As a result, schools began to open in Wujiang. In the same year, he joined the Chinese Education Society.

    1904年 31歲 應上海蔡元培創辦的愛國學社之邀,任愛國學社庶務一職,并結識章太炎、鄒容、吳稚暉、章士釗、林立山等人。帶學生蔡寅、柳亞子、陶亞魂作附課生。編譯出版《三十三年落花夢》,署名KA。6月、7月《蘇報》案事發,章太炎,鄒容被捕。探監,出面籌資聘請外國律師。愛國學社解體。邀林立山至同川自治學社,創設體育會。8月,編著出版《女鐘界》。10月,小說《孽海花》第一回、第二回在雜志刊行。

    1904, at the age of 31, Jin Songcen was invited by the Patriotic Society, which was founded by Cai Yuanpei , to serve as General Supervisor. There he met Zhang Taiyan, Zou Rong, Wu Zhihui, Zhang Shidao, Lin Lishan and so on. He also gave lectures to his students Cai Yin, Liu Yazi and Tao Yahun. Compiling and publishing the book Thirty-three Years of Dream, Jin Songcen signed it KA . In June and July, when Zhang Taiyan and Zou Rong were arrested due to an incident involving a Suzhou Newspaper.,. Jin Songcen visited them and hired foreign lawyers to help. The Patriotic Society disintegrated. Jin Songcen invited Lin Lishan to Tongchuan Autonomous School and established a sports association. In August, Jin Songcen edited and published a newspaper called Nv Zhong Jie. In October, the first and second chapter of the novel Nie Hai Hua were issued as a journal.

    1905年 32歲 編輯出版《自由血》,署名金一。年初,柳亞子入同川自治學社。創辦縣內第一所女子學校——明華女校。

    1905, at the age of 32, Jin Songcen edited and published Free Blood with a signature as Jin Yi. At the beginning of the year, Liu Yazi joined Tongchuan Autonomous School. Jin Songcen founded the first girl’s school in the county - Ming Hua Girls' School.

    1912年 40歲 被推選為江蘇省議員。仍舊以講學為主。

    1912, at the age of 40, Jin Songcen was elected as a senator of Jiangsu Province. But he still focused on lecturing.

    1922年 50歲 《開放樓詩集》上、下鉛印本行世。

    1922, when Jin Songcen was 50 years old, two volumes of Tian Fang Lou Collection of Poems were published.

    1923年 51歲 任吳江縣教育局局長2年。

    1923, at the age of 51, Jin Songcen worked as director of the Education Bureau of Wujiang County for 2 years.

    1927年 55歲 《天放樓文言》《天放樓詩續集》刊行。任江南水利局長。

    1927, when Jin Songcen was 55 years old, Tian Fang Lou Classical Chinese Poems and Tian Fang Lou Poem Sequel were published, and he worked as director of Jiangnan Water Conservancy Bureau.

    1932年 60歲 《天放樓續文言》刊行。夏,蘇州國學會成立,張一麟為會長。出面聘請章太炎來蘇州國學會講學。

    1932, when Jin Songcen was 60 years old, Tian Fang Lou Classical Chinese Poem Sequel was published. In the summer of that year, Suzhou Chinese Studies Society was established and Zhang Yilin served as the president. Jin Songcen invited Zhang Taiyan to Suzhou Chinese Studies Society to present lectures.

    1936年 64歲 修成《皖志列傳稿》(8卷)鉛槧行世。章太炎卒,撰《祭章太炎文》。

    1936, when Jin Songcen was 64, Wan Zhi Biography (8 volumes) was written and published. Zhang Taiyan died so Jin wrote the book Sacrifice of Zhang Taiyan.

    1939年 67歲 春,避亂居滬,任光華大學中文系教授,講述內圣外王之學,恢弘民族大義。

    1939, at the age of 67, Jin Songcen moved to Shanghai and became a Professor in the Chinese Department of Guanghua University. He taught the studies of inner sageliness and outer kindness, and promoted nationalism.

    1941年 69歲 太平洋戰爭爆發,光華大學解體,歸蘇州居濂溪坊。

    1941, the Pacific War broke out, and Guanghua University disintegrated. Jin Songcen moved back to Suzhou and lived in Lian Xi Fang when he was 69.

    1942年 70歲 在蘇閉門讀書,著書立說。

    1942 at the age of 70, Jin Songcen studied at home, and wrote books and developed and refined his theories.

    1945年 73歲 抗戰期間,作《新樂府》62首。上書蔣介石。

    1945, when he was 73, Jin Songcen wrote the New Yuefu containing 62 poems during the Anti-Japanese War. He submitted a written statement to Chiang Kai-shek.

    1946年 74歲 《文匯報》舉辦星期座談會,赴上海參加。在上海見到柳亞子等人,柳亞子后寄毛澤東詞《沁園春?學》和柳亞子的和詞。北平發生“沈崇事件”。

    1946, at the age of 74, Jin Songcen went to Shanghai to attend a forum held by Wen Hui Newspaper, and met Liu Yazi and others there. Afterwards Liu Yazi sent Mao Zedong’s poetry "Qin Yuanchun -Snow" and Liu Yazi's works“Shen Chong Incident” to Beijing.

    1947年 75歲 1月,為“沈崇事件”去東吳大學找美國傳教士論理,回家后一病不起,10日辭世。

    1947, at the age of 75, Jin Songcen went to Soochow University and debated with the American missionaries regarding the "Shen Chong Incident”.  Shortly thereafter, he fell ill and didn’t recover. After ten days, he passed away.



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    金松岑教育思想拾遺

    Legacy of Jin Songcen’s Educational Philosophy

    金松岑親自撰寫的校歌中所唱:君不見我校教育第一宗旨先拿定,莊嚴法律,養成人格,鼓吹道德成新民。共和精理,紀念講臺,日夜暮鼓晨鐘省,使我學生人人愛國,個個尚武有精神。

    設立軍事體育課,俗稱“兵式操”。金松岑全副武裝,衣軍裝,配指揮刀,親自下口令進行班、排教練。

    創作愛國歌曲,教學生吟唱。因此學生中出現柳亞子,王紹鏊那樣的愛國志士,也就不足為奇了。

    Mr. Jin Songcen wrote the school song by himself. The lyrics are, “Can’t you see that the first purpose of our school education is set up? Respect the solemn law, develop personality, advocate morality and be a new citizen. Republican essence, memorial award and timely exhortations to virtue and purity make every student patriotic, martial and spiritual.”

    Mr. Jin Songcen established a military physical class which is commonly called “Soldier exercise”. While heavily armed, he would wear a military uniform with a sword and give the command to train the classes and platoons personally.

    He wrote patriotic songs and taught the students to sing, so it is not surprising that he cultivated patriots like Liu Yazi and Wang Shaoao.




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